نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکترای جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

در عصر حاضر برنامه ریزان حوزه اجتماعی و مدیریت شهری، ارتقای شاخص‌های ذهنی و عینی کیفیت زندگی را امری ضروری برای بهبود زندگی اجتماعی و رفاهی شهروندان مورد توجه قرار می‌دهند. هدف پژوهش حاضر سنجش بعد ذهنی و عینی کیفیت زندگی شهر طبس می‌باشد. پژوهش حاضر از نظر روش توصیفی – تحلیلی و از نظر هدف کاربردی است. جامعه آماری تمام شهروندان شهر طبس هستند که تعداد ۳۸۰ نفر از آن‌ها بر اساس فرمول کوکران به عنوان جامعه نمونه انتخاب شدند. روش نمونه گیری به صورت غیر احتمالی ساده بوده و پرسشنامه ساختار یافته، میان پرسش شوندگان توزیع گردید. داده‌های جمع آوری شده با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS تجزیه و تحلیل شد. آزمون‌های مورد استفاده در این نرم افزار، T تک نمونه ای، همبستگی پیرسون، و آزمون فریدمن جهت رتبه‌بندی عملکرد شاخص‌های پژوهش می‌باشند. نتایج حاصل از پژوهش و تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها نشان داد که کیفیت زندگی شهر طبس در حد مطلوبی قرار ندارد و میانگین آن برابر با 2.67 است که کمتر از میانگین متوسط (۳) می‌باشد. در ادامه نشان داده شد که میان تمام شاخص‌های بررسی شده در پژوهش همبستگی مثبتی وجود دارد، یعنی با افزایش کیفیت هر کدام از آن‌ها میزان کیفیت دیگر شاخص‌ها نیز افزایش می‌یابد و بالعکس. همچنین با استفاده از آزمون فریدمن نشان داده شد که با کیفیت‌ترین شاخص مربوط به امنیت شهروندان و بی کیفت‌ترین شاخص مربوط شاخص حمل و نقل می‌باشد. در نهایت پیشنهادهایی برای بهبود کیفیت زندگی در شهر طبس مطرح گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Measuring quality of life in the Urban Settlements (Case study: Tabas City(

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohamad Kazemi 1
  • Saman Heidari 2
  • Hassan Mohammadian Mosammam 1
  • Abolfazl Moradi 3

1 Ph.D. student of Geography & Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 M.A. student of Geography & Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

3 Ph.D. student of Geography & Rural Planning, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

Today,planners of social domains and urban managershas recognized that promoting subjective and objective indicators of quality of life are necessary to improving the quality of life, promoting social life and welfare of citizens. The objective of this paper is to assess the objective and subjective dimensions of quality of life in the Tabas city. The Research method is descriptive - analytical. Statistical population is all of Tabas'scitizens that 380 of them were selected based on the Cochrane formula as a statistical sample. Sampling method is non-probability simple and structured questionnaire has been distributed among the respondents. Collected data analyzed by using SPSS software. The Conducted tests in this software were T one sample, Pearson correlation, and Friedman test which used to rating indicators function in this paper. Results of research and analysis of data showed that quality of life is not in a satisfactory condition in the Tabas city and average is 2.67, which is less than the average medium (3).Finally, it was demonstrated that there was a positive correlation among the all indicators that examined in this paper, in other words, with increasing the quality of each of indicators the other indicators of quality increases and vice versa. The Friedman test showed that quality-best indicator is security of citizens. The recommendations was introduced to improve the quality of life in the city of Tabas.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Quality of Life
  • Tabas. Quality of life
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